收到(shōudào=to receive) means “someone sent you a physical thing (usually) and you receive it.”
I sent you an email a few days ago. Did you receive it?
前几天(qiánjǐtiān=a few days ago)我(wǒ=I)给(gěi=for)你(nǐ=you)发(fā=send (electronic))了(le)一(yī=one)封(fēng=a measure word for email)(or 个(gè=a measure word for objects in general)邮件(yóujiàn=email)。你(nǐ=you)收到(shōudào=to receive)了(le)吗(ma)？
I paid the money, but haven’t received the goods yet.
我(wǒ=I)付(fù=to pay)了(le)钱(qián=money)，但是(dànshì=but)还(hái=still)没(méi=not)收到(shōudào=to receive)货(huò=goods)。
IIa)得到(dédào=to get) is used when you get something after making an effort.
What did you get on the Math test?
你(nǐ=you)数学(shùxué=math)考试(kǎoshì=exam)得到(dédào=to get)了(le)多少(duōshǎo=how many)分(fēn =mark)？
You cannot say:
你(nǐ=you)数学(shùxué=math)考试(kǎoshì)收到(shōudào=to receive)了(le)多少(duōshǎo=how many)分(fēn=mark)？
The boss wishes he could get a lot of money.
老板(lǎobǎn=boss)希望(xīwàng=to hope)能(néng=to be able)得到(dédào=to get)很(hěn=very)多(duō=a lot of)钱(qián=money)。
b) 得到(dédào=to get) can also means “you get what you want and feel so enthusiastic”
I got an iPad!
Compare with Example 1b:
I received an iPad.
收到(shōudào=to receive) means “you just received something.”
III)受到(shòudào=to suffer from (not a medical sense), to receive) is often used to receive negative/bad (abstract) things.
His jokes are not only no one likes, but also often receive other people’s discrimination.
他的(tāde=his)笑话(xiàohuà=joke)不但(bùdàn=not only)没人(méirén=no one)喜欢(xǐhuan=like)而且(érqiě=but also)常常(chángcháng=often)受到(shòudào=to receive (negative things))别人(biéren=other people)的(de)歧视(qíshì= discrimination)。
Cheating will receive severe penalties.
作弊(zuòbì=cheat)是(shì=to be)要(yào=will)受到(shòudào=to receive (negative things))严厉(yánlì= severe)惩罚(chéngfá= penalty)的(de)。
Would you like to start learning Chinese Online, from the comfort of your home, with an experienced teacher?
LingoLearn is an online Chinese school that offers beginners level Chinese courses, as well as intermediate and advanced level courses. Learn Chinese with our experienced teachers and excellent learning materials, in a state of the art virtual classroom!